Electricity in Cambodia

Imagine living without electricity in the 20th century. Most people will think without lights, fans, air conditioners, life is nothing without it. Well, there are still many people in Cambodia, especially in rural areas that still do not have access to electricity. When I entered an exploration called “Electricity in Cambodia: Economy, Energy & Access,” I learned more about how people live with and without energy, current electricity status in Cambodia, and how people use electricity.

I didn’t know where all the energy I use every day comes from before joining this exploration? I wondered why we got blackouts, particularly last year during March & April? Is there enough electricity we produce? From which country do we import electricity? What are different ways of making electricity for people living off-grid? I was wondering so much, but I gained more understanding and knowledge at the end of the discovery than I expected.

Cambodia is one of the world’s fastest developing countries, including electricity, which is an important development section. And for me, learning and understanding about it is very important. Talking about electricity in class study is useful, but what has helped more is going out to various places to meet experts and people who have experienced electricity related.

We have had an exciting opportunity to meet a person from EnergyLab, a company working in Cambodia to create clean energy. I’ve learned a lot about Cambodia’s electricity lab and a lot of information as well. He led us to see the ISPP solar farm, and the first time I realized that the solar system helped the school so closely related to electricity, it was surprising to me.

We had another chance to visit an off-grid village in the province of Kampong Speu. While being an off-grid village, people living there are using solar energy from a company called OkraSolar. OkraSolar is a company providing off-grid people with solar energy. We’ve been to meet some solar-using villagers and guess what? Solar power is very helpful and they feel like it; solar power makes life easier and better.

We also had the opportunity to meet the BlueCircle, a company that provides wind power to countries in Southeast Asia in particular. We have no wind power yet in Cambodia, but the company plans to have it on Bokor Mountain, Kampot Province. They’re still learning about the wind speed, the climate, and the environment in general, but their goal is to start building it as soon as possible. It would be a very useful source of electricity for Cambodia because it is one of the most efficient electricity sources.

Since I learned a lot from this exploration and how important electricity is to the world, I started thinking more and using it wisely because it is not so easy to produce. But as the production of electricity is increasing, I believe there will be fewer black out as the time goes by, and we will have enough electricity to power the country.

Final Round of Multimedia

This is the last round of multimedia and technology essential. Let’s review everything we’ve working on throughout the year. We’ve learned about researching skills, Adobe software such as Premiere Pro; Photoshop; Lightroom; InDesign; Illustrator, algorithm, photography, videography, and python. So, in the past weeks of our essential class, I got to choose anything I’ve learned that interests me and make something out of it. I enjoyed learning all of them but I feel like learning about Adobe Photoshop is more interesting to me. I decided to choose Photoshop and explore more about it.

What I did was designing and trying out more effects. I watched many tutorial videos about Photoshop Effect. I tried the glitch effect, wood burning effect, picturing a wall, and some poster designing. It was a little bit challenging for me to tried new tools in the photoshop because it was the first time. But after trying out, I was glad that I can challenge myself with and explored many new tools in that software. After I finished editing, I had all the pictures together and I thought, “Maybe I could try putting the photo together as a PDF file in Adobe InDesign so at least I could explore a little more in that software. So, I put it all together with description nearby.

This is not just a software learning but there’s something that not everyone has noticed. Not just learning new tools but at the same time, I gained so many skills such as learning independently, challenge yourself and stepping out of your comfort zone; and with hard work and determination, I’ve done my final product. Feel free to check it out by clicking the link below.


I hope you enjoy reading my portfolio, Thank you!

Happiness – English Literacy (Round 4)

Every round of English Literacy, we learn different themes and “Happiness” is the theme for this round. The big ideas of the themes are to define happiness, how can we achieve happiness, which is essential to ensure happiness, and what is the nature of happiness.

To begin the round’s theme, we watched a video about a man who was called Mr. Happy Man. So, Johnny Barnes (Mr. happy man) was a native Bermudian man who performed a daily ritual of standing on a street corner in Bermuda’s capital city of Hamilton to shared positive affirmations to passers-by since 1986. If you want to watch the video about him, click here. What I learned from that video was how people can be very happy and motivated by positive affirmation. Also, when you make someone happy, you’ll be loved by all of them.

Besides that, we also read a few articles about different ways of happiness, significant details about happiness in the articles, and how can we achieve happiness. And now, I am writing an essay about how to be happy when you don’t have friends. The essay is still in progress of editing so if you are interested in reading it, please stay tuned and I’ll post it in just a few weeks. What I think of the essay is that even though you face problems, there are so many different ways to be happy.


Technology – Round 4

Python is one of the programming language that is used in computers. In this post, you’ll get to know how I felt about coding and my favorite lesson.

My favorite lesson was about Python lists. Python lists is a lesson about how we can store item in a list or making a list of something. After spending times learning and exploring around, I knew how to change item value, loop through a list, check the list, and add or remove items. To practice, we learned how to create two random teams from a list of players. Code Club is a website that helps us to practice the exercise. If you’re interested and also want to learn how  to create two random teams from a list of players, click here.

First, I thought that learning python or coding in general was hard and complicated but it was actually not. It was hard at first just because I knew nothing about it and it looked complicated. After learning, I enjoyed coding and exploring around and even wanted to learn more coding lessons.


Outdoor Leadership!

Outdoor Leadership is an exploration that we learn about the out world, living in outdoor with technology, technical outdoor skills, risk management, wilderness first aid, etc. If you want to know more, please read until the end!

The first week of this exploration, we focus on Nature. We defined what nature means to us and we did a sit-and-spot activity to observe nature and thought what nature means to me.

Another outdoor skill we learned was Navigation. It was about the understanding of the map, how to read the compass, and also to know the direction by using an analog watch and the sun, the star, landmarks, and natural vegetation! The activity that I did relate to that was that I drew a map of my school campus, including legends, direction, symbols, etc. Then, we need to write the instruction of where I want my friend to go. It was a fun activity and we also learned at the same time!

Then, we started to talk about the good ways to pack your stuff for outdoor trips. We learned about needs vs wants, group gear, and personal gear, the right way to pack your backpack, etc. After that, we prepared to go on our first trip!

On the 7th of March, we went to Kirirom national park. We needed to walk on the long trail to the heaven cliff. We got to see the view from the heaven cliff, we saw many birds especially hornbills, we had dinner around the campfire, collected many pinecones, saw many different plants, got to see the sunrise, we did the sit and spot, we sang together, we played some fun games, and observed a lot of natural stuff. We hiked 18km for both days. We had really great collaboration, respect, risk-taking, stewardship, and we learned a lot in outdoor and we had fun times together!

When we came back, we did a group reflection and shared something we learned! Then, we learned more new lessons about risk. It was about risk management, assessing risk, and actual vs. perceived risk.

Another important lesson I learned was about wilderness first aid. We learned about the Patient Assessment System, Primary Patient, etc. Then, we did an activity. We divided into team and we had different roles (patient, lead rescuer, assistance rescuer). The patient pretended to be injured in a different situation and both rescuers had to help the patient by using the wilderness first aid rules. I learned so many things and I think that it’s very import to know whenever you go outdoors.

And then, we’re going on a trip again! We went on a 3-night journey to Mondulkiri and the experience was supercalifragilisticexpialidocious! During the trip, there were many inquisitive bird watchers who would grab hold of the binoculars whenever they saw birds, passing their sight. Being surrounded by the wilderness allows us to discover more about nature in this magnificent country. Ultimately, they’ve been showing different leadership roles throughout this jaunt.

“The more you go out, the more thing you’ll find and learn!”

Math – Round 4

Mathematics, as known as Math is one of the basic, important, and my favorite subject. I felt so enthusiastic about the class and shows a lot of appreciation, and now, I realize that I love Math than I thought since I was very young.

For this round, we studied with two leveled books at the same time since the two levels are similar. The books that we learned were Primary Mathematics 5B, and 6A. We get to learn mostly about percentage, angles, and triangle. Now, I know how to convert percentage into fraction or decimal, I know the different types of angles and triangles. We did many exercises and activities in group and it improved my teamwork and communication skills.

For me personally, I think that even though it’s Math class but we still get many skills, too. I hope to learn many new lessons in the next round and stay tuned, there will be more post coming soon! Thanks for reading!

Math – Round 3

Before I start telling you about what I did in Math class, I have one exciting thing to share first. The exciting thing is that I received a new book (from 5A to 5B)!

The lessons that we learned were decimal, measures, and volume, percentage, and data analysis. What I enjoyed the most was the decimal lesson. For decimal lesson, what we learned were converting fraction to decimal and decimal to fraction, round and estimate the decimal, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with decimal.

For my thought for this round is that it was really fun and enthusiastic. I worked in groups a lot which helps me with teamwork and collaboration. That’s it for this round! Thank you and don’t forget to come back next time!

STEM – Round 3

For this round of STEM, I’ve enjoyed learning the lesson and got to do many experiments. Basically, the topic that we focused on was “Carbon”! Well, the mini-lessons in this topics were hydrocarbon, properties of carbon, and the carbon cycle.

For the lesson, we were assigned to answer ten questions that were written down on a paper. Actually, that was not a test but it was the guiding questions that helped us to understand the lesson better. To make it even more clear to understand, we did an experiment called Black Snack Experiment.

For the black snack experiment, we put aluminum foil on a bowl. Then we filled the bowl with sand. After that, we put 5g of baking soda and 20g of sugar and mixed it together. Then, we put it in the bowl. The next step is that we need to pour some alcohol all over the bowl. Finally, we just need to fire the matches and put them in the bowl. Those were the instructions. After we put the matches into the bowl, the black ashes rise up like a snake. It has a shape like a snake. The ashed felt like styrofoam, but when we squeeze it harder, it broke and turn into normal ashes.

It was a very exciting round of STEM. Thank you for reading and visiting my portfolio. Have a wonderful day!

Multimedia – Round 3


In this round of multimedia class, we continued learning about Python. In this portfolio post, I will summarize what I did in the third round of multimedia essential.

Python Conditionals and If Statements was the first lesson that I learned. In that lesson, what I learned were Booleans, Comparisons, Indentation, And & Or & Not, If statement, Elif statement, and Else statement. We also learned about Python for loops. For this course, there were only three lessons, Break statement, Continue statement, and Range function. The last lesson was about Python While Loops. Infinite while loop, while loop, break statement, continue statement, and else statement were the courses in Python While Loops lesson. We also practice writing codes and solved some coding exercises in a website called Codeboard, it’s a web-based IDE to teach programming in the classroom, easily create and share exercises with students, and analyze and inspect students’ submissions with a single click.

Thank you for reading and visiting my portfolio! If you have any questions, please email me (rayout.n@ligercambodia.org) and I’ll try to respond as soon as possible. Have a nice day!

English Literacy – Round 3

Every round of English literacy, we have different themes. For this round of English Literacy, the theme was about “The Search of Identity”.

For the first week of the round, we started the theme with genetic. We thought about how do we know who we are. Then we read a CommonLit article called “Where Did I Come From” that was written by BirdBrain Science published in 2016. Then we read another story called “The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros in 1984. After that, I also wrote a paragraph about my name.

For the first day of the second week of the round, I studied about connotation and denotation. Connotation is the figurative, emotional, and cultural meaning attached to the word; shades and degrees of meaning. Denotation is the dictionary definition and literal meaning of a word. After that, we read a poem called “Where I’m From” that was written by George Ella Lyon. Next, my classmates and I wrote our own Where I’m From poem inspired by George Ella Lyon. Then, we post it into FlipGrid and if you want to watch mine, click on this LINK.

The next lesson was about story elements graphic organizer. Then, we watched a short animation film called “The Present”. Then we wrote about the story elements which are exposition/hook, characters, setting, conflict/problem, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution/solution. We also introduced to tone, mood, motif, foreshadowing, suspense, poetic justice, conflict, and theme. We didn’t learn all of them at a time so we got to learn only tone and mood first. So we watched another short animated film called One Man Band and thought about the mood and the tone. Then, we learned about foreshadowing. We read a story called “The Land Lady” and identify the foreshadowing in that story. If you are interested and want to read it, click on this LINK, and if you want to watch the movie, click on this LINK.

My classmates and I were reading four different books, and they are Monster (Walter Dean Myers), Looking for Alaska (John Green), Wonder (R. J. Palacio), and The Outsiders (S. E. Hinton). So, I chose Monster to read. It was an interesting book and I also recommend you to read it, too. Not just reading, I also needed to discuss what I read with anyone who read the same book as me.

That’s it for this round! Hope you enjoy reading it! Thank you!

One of the pages in the book, Monster.